Hyperpigmentation & Melasma

Hyperpigmentation & Melasma Treatment, Victoria B.C.

The Alexandrite laser effectively removes hyperpigmentation by producing a highly concentrated beam of light that the pigment in the skin absorbs. The laser heats up the pigment and shatters it without damaging the surrounding skin. This process causes the pigment to darken at first, and eventually as the skin renews itself, the darkened pigment is drawn to the skin’s surface and flakes off the treated area, leaving the skin with a more even tone and improved complexion. Usually, more than one hyperpigmentation or melasma treatment is necessary . The number of treatments can vary depending on the severity of the pigment. 

Hyperpigmentation and melasma respond well to laser therapy and microneedling and alway respond best when paired with high-quality medical-grade skin care products that contain powerful ingredients to fade the pigment and prevent it from being made within the melanocyte to begin with.

Book a free consultation to improve your skin tone by removing bothersome brown spots.

Pigmentation treatment
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John Doe
Laser Technician

Hyperpigmentation and Melasma Laser Treatment

With repeated sun exposure, the pigmented spots will likely return eventually. This is because the UV light has once again triggered the melanocytes to produce more melanin. For this reason, we always advocate for our clients to exfoliate regularly, use medical-grade skincare that contributes to a more even skin tone, a high-quality mineral-based SPF and avoid direct contact with the sun and heat. Hats are great! 

Exfoliation is awesome! The appearance of hyperpigmentation can also be minimized by removing the uppermost layer of pigment from the epidermis through regular exfoliation, facials, microdermabrasion and, or chemical peels. We are happy to recommend effective products that utilize our favourite botanical ingredients to safely fade out and reduce the pigment that your skin makes.

Before and After Hyperpigmentation and Melasma Treatment

About Hyperpigmentation & Melasma Treatment

Brown spots, or sun spots, or age spots or liver spots on our skin are due to changes in pigmentation, usually caused by sun exposure, which stimulates increased melanin production within the melanocytes as well as clustering of the melanocytes. The melanocytes are cells that reside between the first and second layer of the skin, and they use tyrosine, an amino acid, to produce melanin – a brown pigment – which gets deposited into the epidermal skin cells. As the cells make their way to the skin’s surface, we see the melanin present as a darkening of the skin, often in patches or darks spots.

These spots are usually visible more on the face, hands and arms as these areas get the most sun exposure. These darkened patches are also called hyperpigmentation. We commonly refer to these patches of darker, hyperpigmented skin as freckles, solar lentigines, sun spots, age spots, liver spots, or birthmarks. Regardless of what we call them, they can be visually distracting and give your skin an aged, uneven and dull appearance. Hyperpigmentation affects people of all races and skin tones. Various factors can influence the likelihood of developing hyperpigmentation, such as genetics, hormonal changes, medications, sun damage, thyroid disorder, and injury to the skin.

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Best Products for Hyperpigmentation and Brown Spots

Our favourite skincare ingredients to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation are:
· Vitamin C downregulates tyrosinase, which is involved in melanin production.
· Arbutin, extracted from the Bearberry plant, inhibits tyrosinase, preventing the formation of melanin.
· Kojic acid, which originates from a type of fungi called Aspergillus oryzae, reduces the amount of melanin the skin produces.
· SPF is essential to prevent the stimulation of melanin.

Book a complimentary consultation to learn what skincare products are best for you.

Melasma Treatment

Melasma is a common condition that causes skin hyperpigmentation, which creates brown or grey-brown patches on the face. It often appears symmetrically on the left and right side of the face and is usually noticed on the upper lip, forehead, temples and cheeks. It’s more common in women and typically presents between the ages of twenty and forty. It’s often referred to as a pregnancy mask as pregnancy, birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy are thought to be common triggers for melasma. Melasma is also triggered by sunlight, tanning beds, heat, stress, and medications.

People with more melanin in their skin are more likely to develop melasma than people with fairer skin. Therefore, it’s seen more commonly in medium to dark skin tones such as Asian, Latin, Native American or Black people. There is also a genetic or hereditary component, as it’s often seen in families. Melasma is usually an ongoing condition that requires constant maintenance and can be tricky to treat. It can take between three to twelve months to see impactful results. It may take longer if you’ve had melasma for a long time.